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Factors associated with geographic and temporal variation in campylobacteriosis in humans
Project Code: S14004;
- Geographic determinants of reported human Campylobacter infections in Scotland. Bessell PR, Matthews L, Smith-Palmer A, Rotariu O, Strachan NJ, Forbes KJ, Cowden JM, Reid SW, Innocent GT BMC Public Health. Jul 2010;Vol 10 p423. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/10/423
- Bessell, P.R., Rotariu, O., Innocent, G.T., Smith-Palmer, A., Strachan, N.J.C., Forbes, K.J., Cowden, J.M., Reid S.W.J. & Matthews, L. (2012) Using sequence data to identify alternative routes and risk of infection: a case-study of campylobacter in Scotland. BMC Infectious Diseases 12(80), doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-80
Campylobacter spp. is the largest cause of bacterial gastrointestinal infection in the developed world. In Scotland where this study was based, reported infection rates increased in the 1990’s peaking at 121 cases per 100,000 population in 2000.
This study found that there are real differences in the geographic distribution of Campylobacter infections within Scotland caused by differences in exposure to infection. Deprivation was found to be a protective factor, with higher rates of Campylobacter infection reported in less deprived areas, a feature that was attributable to reduced overseas travel. At least part of the difference is likely to be a result of real differences in rates of infection, although some may be due to differences in ascertainment.
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