View Report Details
Refinement and validation of the AOAC method (2005.06) to improve the determination of N-hydroxylated paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins in king scallops and queen scallops by liquid chromatography
Project Code: FS235002A;
1. (Turner A.D. and Hatfield R.G. (2011). Refinement of AOAC 2005.06 LC-FLD method to improve the method performance characteristics for the analysis of king and queen scallops for Paralytic Shellfish Toxins. J. AOAC International. (In Press)
See also: http://www.foodbase.org.uk/results.php?f_category_id=&f_report_id=612 (previous method validation reports)
http://cot.food.gov.uk/pdfs/cotdraftmins28jun2011.pdf (Minutes of COT review)
A small inter-laboratory study highlighted that the issues with the method performance for AOAC 2005.06 in scallops were not restricted to just one laboratory. Refinement work focussed on the potential effects of varying key method parameters. Successful refinement was obtained through use of higher analytical injection volumes, larger volumes of extract for clean-up, use of a modified periodate oxidant and a novel matrix modifier comprising king scallop extract.
Validation results of the refined method showed acceptable selectivity, linearity, recovery, precision, sensitivity and ruggedness in both scallop species for the N-hydroxylated toxins, with the refined method providing superior method performance as compared to the official AOAC 2005.06 method. Method parameters were not changed for the non-N-hydroxylated toxins oxidised by peroxide prior to HPLC quantitation. Method performance characteristics obtained were subsequently used to generate values for the size of the uncertainty of measurement for each PSP toxin in both scallop matrices. These were found to compare well with those generated from the method performance characteristics of AOAC 2005.06 in other non-scallop matrices.
Results from the HPLC analysis of PSP-positive scallops were compared with those generated by the official MBA reference method. Results from PSP-negative scallops showed no indications of any false negatives. 19 scallop samples found positive by MBA showed a good overall agreement in total sample toxicities determined using both methodologies. Previous poor agreement between the methods in queen scallops using the official method was improved through use of the refined method.
Overall, the results show the modified AOAC 2005.06 HPLC method for scallops provides an improved level of performance for the determination of PSP toxins in whole king and queen scallops, with method performance characteristics similar to the official method in mussels, cockles, oysters, razors and clams. Consequently, the recommendation is to implement the modified method into the official monitoring programme for the analysis of PSP toxins in both whole king and queen scallops.
Some of the files on this site may be in a format that your computer can't read. However, you can download Readers and Viewers for the following document types below: