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Evidence review on regulation cultures and behaviours
Project Code: X04008
The Public Inquiry into the September 2005 outbreak of E.coli O157 in South Wales, published in 2009, identified serious breaches of Food Hygiene Regulations as a key cause of the event. It also identified poor food safety culture and inadequate enforcement action as contributory factors to the outbreak. In response, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) recommended further investigation to fully understand the culture and behaviours in businesses and enforcement bodies, as well as the communication between these two groups that facilitate or inhibit compliance with regulation. To start this work off, the Institute for Employment Studies (IES) and Cardiff Work Environment Research Centre (CWERC) was commissioned by the FSA to conduct an evidence review in this area.
The review was conducted according to the principles of a rapid evidence assessment, and a broad range of evidence was reviewed across a range of regulatory areas (notably health and safety) with read-across for the food sector1. To supplement the literature from the main search, key UK experts were also consulted to ensure coverage of important literature. The overall aim of the review was to determine ‘what works’ in terms of culture and behaviour in securing compliance. The review’s findings fell under the following headings
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